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Studies indicate bunions are a genetic condition caused by an inherited bone structure which allows for the development of bunions. 23

Other risk factors for bunions include:

  • Over-pronation occurs is when the affected individual has an uneven weight-bearing or low arch in the tendon and foot which destabilizes the toe joint.
  • Hypermobility is another factor wherein the individual has an over-active big toe.
  • Injuries to the foot.
  • Arthritis (like rheumatoid arthritis).
  • Medical conditions affecting the muscles and nerves.
  • Improper development of the feet before birth can also increase the risk of bunions.
  • Growth of bunions is also promoted by narrow or high-heeled shoes. High-heeled shoes do not directly cause bunions, but rather aggravate an already existing condition or cause the development of the disorder in those who already have a genetic predisposition to it.

The major symptom of a bunion is a bump that manifests at the base of your big toe. Bunions may also manifest at the base of the little toe. In either case, there is no need to worry, a foot and ankle doctor in Wyandotte and Southfield can diagnose a Tailor’s bunion or a bunionette.

Other symptoms of bunions include:

  • Soreness and pain
  • Numbness
  • A burning sensation in the foot
  • Swelling at the affected joint
  • The base of the affected toe becomes unusually thick
  • Skin beneath the foot hardens
  • Redness
  • Appearance of a bump at the base of the affected toe
  • Development of calluses or corns at the base of the affected foot
  • The affected toe cannot move as freely as it should.
  • Bunions may be worsened when one wears narrow or high-heeled shoes. Symptoms will also worsen when one stands for a long time.

There are two lines of treatment available for bunions. Medication and Surgery.

Medication: Medication may be prescribed for the reduction of pain and swelling.

Surgery: Surgery may be required by some people with bunions. There are different procedures for surgical treatment of bunions. Patients that are qualified for surgery include:

  • People who experience inflammation and pain. These conditions do not improve even with treatment.
  • A severe deformity that results in the crossing of one toe over the other.
  • Inability to straighten or bend a toe due to stiffness.

Recovery after surgery may take up to six months. A podiatrist near Wyandotte and Southfield can give the right advice on this. Visit your foot and ankle doctor in Southfield, Michigan for more information. The goal of surgery is to relieve pain or to do a realignment of the meta-tarso-phalangeal joint 

Wear shoes that fit well and have a wide toe box. This will help to prevent bunions from developing.

Avoid high-heeled shoes or shoes with pointy toes.

Avoid wearing shoes that press, cramp, squeeze, or irritate feet and toes.

Find out more about Arthritis Disorders and detailed treatment options for residents of Wyandotte and Southfield, MI.

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